Meteorologic conditions in India

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The main part of the territory of India ( * e tourist visa india) is in the sub equatorial region. The main characteristic of this area is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon coming from the Indian Ocean brings down pours to India. They heighten in early June on the west coast and in mid-June on the east coastline. If moving over the Arabian Sea and also the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move in a northwest direction.



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Monsoon period

Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a pace of 5-7 m/s, causing heavy rain. Thunder or wind storms fall on the hills of the hills in June. Yet later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls normally, end. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the climate chilly and sunny.


Weather seasons

Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, as well as winds, we can divide the calendar year in three major climatic seasons.

In November – February, if the northeastern monsoon rules, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature little by little increases.The dry season lasts from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity goes up. And the weather condition of Indian plains gets rainy.The period from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon period. It is a moment of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds blend with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high due to evaporation from the surface of the fields. However the rains end.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature and also weather in several portions of India. The nation covers a large location, and every area has yet another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation does not go over 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall each year. It is one of the wettest locations on Earth.

The monsoon climate is characteristic of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time is from December to February. At the same time, there is much less rain. The hottest period is from May to June. But even great heat are tolerated quite easily since the air is dried, relative humidity, in the morning, doesn’t go over 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June starts off with the increased wind and cloud cover. The period lasts until September. During most days of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather minimizes the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountain tops of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year continues from June to August: the standard minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the weather of India differs a lot depending on the region, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan climate to other portions of India. These mountain tops are really high and also have a unique climate.

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